Exposing Your Clipboard Over SSH

Jan 13, 2014 · by Alex Dergachev

I frequently administer remote servers over SSH, and need to copy data to my clipboard. If the text I want to copy all fits on one screen, then I simply select it with my mouse and press CMD-C, which asks relies on my terminal emulator (xterm2) to throw it to the clipboard.

This isn't practical for larger texts, like when I want to copy the whole contents of a file.

If I had been editing large-file.txt locally, I could easily copy its contents by using the pbcopy command:

cat large-file.txt | pbcopy

In this writeup, I show how we can expose the pbcopy command as a network daemon that listens on port 5556, and is easily accessible from any machine you SSH into.

Daemonizing pbcopy

The quickest way to "networkify" pbcopy is to run the following snippet in a dedicated terminal tab:

while (true); do nc -l 5556 | pbcopy; done

We just asked bash to launch netcat (nc), repeatedly wait for incoming connections on localhost:5556, and pipe any data received into pbcopy.

Now locally, the following two are equivalent:

echo "This text gets sent to clipboard" | pbcopy
echo "This text gets sent to clipboard" | nc localhost 5556

Exposing our daemon to machines we SSH to

For security reasons, our "pbcopy daemon" only allows connections from localhost. But the goal is to allow you to pipe text to your local clipboard from a server you've SSHd into. This is done via SSH's reverse tunnel forwarding feature:

# SSH in to remote-server as usual, except -R asks that 
# remote's port 5556 is forwarded to your laptop's localhost:5556
ssh [email protected] -R 5556:localhost:5556

If you'd prefer to enable reverse tunneling of port 5556 all your future outgoing SSH connections, the following adds the appropriate line to ~/.ssh/config:

echo "RemoteForward 5556 localhost:5556" >> ~/.ssh/config

Having established the SSH reverse tunnel, you can now do the following from the remote server:

cat large-file.txt | nc -q0 localhost 5556
# -q0 is required for GNU's version of netcat to exit on eof; the osx version does it by default

If the remote server is missing nc, either run sudo apt-get install netcat -y or use telnet instead:

cat large-file.txt | telnet localhost 5556

Enjoy your newly-supercharged clipboard!

Getting Fancier

If your laptop is running linux, replacing pbcopy with xcopy should work:

while (true); do nc -l 5556 | xcopy; done

For a more verbose version of our "pbcopy daemon" that prints what's being sent to the clipboard, try this:

while (true); do echo "Waiting..." ;  nc -l 5556 | pbcopy; echo "Copied: "; pbpaste | sed 's/^/  /'; done

To automatically start the "pbcopy daemon" on boot, you should use launchd. See http://seancoates.com/blogs/remote-pbcopy

To expose pbpaste as well as pbcopy, see https://gist.github.com/burke/5960455